ECO-GEOGRAPHIC CLASSIFICATION OF LUPINS (L. ALBUS L., L. ANGUSTIFOLIUS L. end L. LUTEUS L.)
The Balkan-Asian geotype
Concultivar Kalina. It consists from fodder (sweet) forms created after the Second World War. The breeding activity with fodder lupin in Poland was begun after publication method of the mass analysis of plants on low alkaloidness in USSR (Kubok, 1988).
Iberian rock ecotype. Plants belonging to this ecotype grow in separate wild populations in the mountains of Portugal and western Spain at the altitudes up to 1500 m. These plants are similar to those of the previous ecotype in habit, having narrow leaflets, shattering pods and small-sized seeds with testa hardly permeable for water. However, they are distinguished by their dwarfism (up to 0.5 m high), a shorter and denser truss, clearly expressed reaction to vernalization, and increased frost and winter hardiness. The plants of this ecotype survived frosts of about –10 ... –15°C when cultivated in the conditions of Zakatalsk area of Azerbaijan. Their 1000 seed mass ranges between 30... 80 g, seed mass per plant being 18... 22 g. Length of leaflets is 38.0... 43.0 mm, width is 3.0... 4.0 mm. It is possible to grow out the samples of this ecotype, in the same way as with the previous one, only in the fall plantings in southern regions of Russia or in artificial climate conditions. They have value as basic material in breeding for resistance to frost and diseases (k.k.-2970, 3074).
Concultivar Zhitomirsky. It integrates sorts of yellow lupin with determinate branching, all lateral branches at which are finished by flowers or flower truss. This character causes early maturity and manufacturability at harvesting. Such cultivars introduce the special value at cultivation and usage on a grain. The forms of yellow lupin with the determinate branching are obtained for the first time by breeder Valovnenko (Валовненко, 1974).